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How to Make a Trap

Told by Li Yaohua (nəwɑ̄ŋzɑ̀r bɹɑ̄ʑì)


ɟɯ̄ zū bɛ̄, tə̌sɑ̄ tsit zū sɑ̄.
trap make *LNK* start trap.string make *NOM*
! 'When making a trap, first the string is made.'


tsit nɯ̄ ì tɛ̌ ɔ̀ tsəɹī tɛ̌ zū:,
trap.string *TOP* hemp *INST* make string *INST* make+1pl
! 'To make the trap-string, we use a string made of hemp,'


tsə̌ɹī muktəì ə̌kkɔɁ cɑ̀ ɟɯk-ɟɯk,
string thick(round) piece(*CL*.for.rope) become twist+1pl-redup
! '(and) make it into a thick rope,'


(tsit) cɛ̄ lɑì ɔ̌ŋ kɑ̄m tɛ̌ zū (gɯ̌) tsit-kə̌lɑɁ sə̌pək,
string one side *LOC* bamboo *INST* make *NOM* string-holder attach
! 'on one end of the string, we tie a string holder made of bamboo,'


cɛ̄ lɑ̄i ɔ̄ŋ nɑ̄ɹtɕū zū,
one side *LOC* loop make
! 'on the other end make a loop,'


tsit zū tɔ̄ mə̌nə̄ŋ, tɔ̄ɹpɑ̄ ɹət ə̌jɑ̀ tɔ̄ɹpɑ̄,
string make finish follow spring(bamboo) cut+1pl that spring
! 'when the string is done, we cut a bamboo spring,'


ɟɯ̄ kùŋ dɔ̌ tsə̄n gɯ̌ tə̌tɕək-tɕək.
trap area *LOC* strong *NOM* stick(in.the.ground)+1pl-*REDUP*
! '(and) stick the spring into the ground (of the trap area).'


tsit tɔ̄ɹpɑ̄ mə̌tɕùŋ ɔ̄ŋ gwɛ̄:ɹ,
string spring end(edge) *LOC* attach/tie+1pl
! 'We tie the string onto the end of the spring (the one not in the ground),'


tsit [ɕɑ̄ gwɛ̄ɹ sɑ̄ lɑ̄i] ɔ̄ŋ mɹə̀ŋ-mɹə̀ŋ ə̌ʑū,
string meat tie *NOM* side *LOC* long-*REDUP* expose
! 'on the end of the string where the loop is, leave a long length of string,'


[tə̄ŋ sɑ̄ lɑ̄i] ɔ̄ŋ, cɛ̄ tɕuɁ ə̌ʑū gɯ̄ sə̌pək
be.blocked *NOM* side *LOC* one a.little expose *NOM* attach+1pl
! 'on the other end (where the string holder is) we leave (only) a little string,'


tɔ̄ɹpɑ̄ lɛ̌ gwɛ̄:ɹ,
spring *DAT* tie+1pl
! '(and) tie (it) to the spring,'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɛ̄, piɁ-piɁ kɑ̄m (tɛ̌),
that be soft(not.hard)-*REDUP* bamboo *INST*
! 'after that, we take a soft piece of bamboo,'


kɔ̄ lɑ̄i jɑ̄ lɑ̄i ə̌sɑ̄ lɛ̌ ə̌ŋdə̌gūŋ cɑ̀ tə̌tɕək-tɕək,
that side that side ground *DAT* bow(shaped.object) become stick(in.ground)+1pl-*REDUP*
! '(and) stick both ends of it into the ground to make a bow,'


tɔ̄ɹpɑ̄ mə̌tɕùŋ ɔ̄ŋ, ɟɔ̀l ɲɔ̀:ŋ- ɲɔ̀ŋ,
spring end(edge) *LOC* below pull(down)+1pl-*REDUP*
! '(and) pull down one end of the spring,'


tsit-kə̌lɑɁ ə̌jɑ̀ ə̌ŋdə̌gūŋ lɛ̌ tɑ̄:ŋ.
string-holder that bow(shaped.object) *DAT* trap+1pl
! '(and) trap the holder in the bow.'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɛ̄, kɑptɕɛ̄ tɛ̌ ə̌ŋɹɑ̄m lɑ̄i tsit-kelɑɁ mɑ̄-ə̌pət gɯ̌ tɑ̄:ŋ.
that be crossbar *INST* horizontal side string-holder *NEG*-let.go *NOM* trap+1pl
! 'After that, we use the crossbar to trap the string holder into position.'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɛ̄, kɑp-klɯp tɛ̌ blət gɯ̄,
that be bamboo-slice *INST* weave *NOM*
! 'After that, we place a thing woven out of bamboo strips,'


“gɹə̄m” lɑ̄:n gɯ̌ sə̌ɹɑ̄, ə̌jɑ̀ kɑptɕɛ̄ mə̌də̀m dɔ̌ ɹɔ̄:,
(name) called *NOM* thing that crossbar above *LOC* put/place+1pl
! 'a thing called “gɹə̄m”, on top of the crossbar,'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɛ̄, nītɕīn tɛ̌ mɑɁ-ə̌-ɟə̄ŋ gɯ̄ kɔp.
that be moss/greens *INST* *NEG*-*PREF*-see *NOM* cover
! 'after that, cover it with moss/greens so it is not visible.'


kɔp tɔ̄n mə̌nə̄ŋ,
cover finish afterward
! 'After covering it,'


tsit ə̌ŋmukwɑ̀ŋ tə̌-xrɯp-ɕɯ̌ sɑ̄ ɔ̀:-ɔ̀:,
string loop *CAUS*-meet-*R/M* *NOM* do+1pl-*REDUP*
! 'we make the string into a loop that can be pulled closed,'


nītɕīn mə̌də̀m dɔ̌ nɑ̄tsɛ̄ ɹɔ̄:.
moss/greens above *LOC* gently put/place+1pl
! 'and gently put moss/greens on top.'


wɑ̀ tɔ̄n mə̌nə̄ŋ,
do finish after
! 'After doing that,'


ɟɯ̄ kùŋ kɔ̄ lɑ̄i jɑ̄ lɑ̄i ɟì təp mɑ̀l nə̌ɹɑ̀m zū:.
trap area that side that side go ability *NEG*+have fence make+1pl
! 'we make a fence on both sides so (animals) can’t go (around) the trap.'