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How to Make Wine

Told by Tsēng Yùlán (dū nɑɁ)


nɯ̀ ɔ̀: bə̄i nə̌,
wine do+1pl *LNK* *TOP*
! 'When we make wine,'


ə̌jɑ̀ tɑ̄ŋbɔ̄ŋ tɛ̌ ɕɯ̌ ɔ̀:,
that corn *INST* also do+1pl
! 'we do it with corn,'


dzɑ̄i tɛ̌ ɕɯ̌ ɔ̀:,
millet *INST* also do+1pl
! 'we do it with millet,'


pə̌kɑ̄ tɛ̌ ɕɯ̌ ɔ̀:,
buckwheat *INST* also do+1pl
! 'we do it with buckwheat,'


bɑ̄ndɑ̄ tɛ̌ ɕɯ̌ ɔ̀:,
barnyard.millet *INST* also do+1pl
! 'we do it with barnyard millet,'


ɛ̄-bɛ̄ ə̌jɑ̀ ɔ̀: bɛ̌ nə̌ ə̌jɑ̀,
*DEM-LNK* that do+1pl *LNK* *TOP* that
! 'When we make wine,'


nɯ̀ wɑ̄ sɑ̄ sə̌ɹɑ̀ ɕɯ̌ tə̌mə̄ɹ mə̌-dəp gɯ̄.
wine make *NOM* thing also oil *NEG*-stick *NOM*
! 'the wine-making things, they can’t have any oil on them.'


kɔ̄ lɛ̌ tə̀ŋmɑ̄ ə̌ɕɯɁ mə̌-dəp gɯ̄ ɔ̀: ɕìn,
that *DAT* what dried.rice *NEG*-stick *NOM* make+1pl *EMPH*
! 'We make it that they don’t have any dried rice on them either,'


tə̌mə̀ɹ mə̌-dəp.
oil *NEG*-stick
! '(and) no oil on them.'


tsə̄ŋmɑ̄ ɔ̀:-ɔ̌ nə̌
clean make+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! 'We make (them) clean.'


nɯ̌ bə̄-bə̄ ɔ̌: bə̄i nə̌,
wine much-*REDUP* make+1pl *LNK* *TOP*
! 'If (we) want to make a lot of wine,'


ɕəptɑɁ pɔ̄n dɔ̌ ɔ̀:,
cooking,pot big *LOC* make+1pl
! 'we make it in a big pot,'


cɛ̄ wɑ̀ŋlū tɕə̄ŋ gɯ̌.
one wine.container fill *NOM*
! 'one that can hold a whole wine-container’s worth.'


ɛ̄-bɛ̌ tɕuɁtɕuɁ ɔ̀: bə̄i nə̌,
*DEM*-*LNK* a.little make+1pl *LNK* *TOP*
! 'If we only make a little,'


xɹɔ̄l sə̄ŋdū-ɹɑ̄ ɔ̀:.
proper pot-pl make+1pl
! '(then) we use the proper pots.'


ə̌jɑ̀ tɑ̄ŋbɔ̄ŋ ə̄ŋɕɛt tɛ̌ ɕɯ̌ ɔ̀:,
that corn grounds *INST* also make+1pl
! 'for the material used for the wine) we (can) use (roughly) ground corn,'


ə̄ŋtsì tɛ̌ ɕɯ̌ ɔ̀:.
flour *INST* also make+1pl
! 'or we can use flour.'


ɛ̄-wɑ̄ ɔ̀:-ɔ̌ nə̌ gɯɁ bə̌i,
*DEM*-*ADV* make+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK* say *LNK*
! 'After we have done this,'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɕɯ̌ ɛ̄-wɑ̄ ɛ̄.
that also *DEM*-*ADV* be
! 'that is also this way.'


ə̌jɑ̀ tɕə̄ŋdɑ̄l ɔ̀:-ɔ̌, pɹɑ̀ tɛ̌ ɕɑ̄:l.
that cooked.meal make+1pl-*REDUP* winnowing.pan *INST* sprinkle+1pl
! 'After we cook the rice, we sprinkle it with a winnowing pan.'


zɯ̄ŋ-nə̀m cɑ̀ bɛ̌,
cold-weather become *LNK*
! 'If the weather becomes cold,'


tɕuɁ lɯ̄m pɑ̄ɹ,
a.little warm time
! 'when the (rice) is still a little warm,'


ə̌jɑ̀ pə̌lɑ̄ zɑ̄:ŋ ɕǐn, ɕɛ̀Ɂ
that brewer’s.yeast put.in+1pl *EMPH* *RQ*
! 'we put in the brewer’s yeast, no?'


cɛ̄nə̄m zū: pə̌lɑ̄ zɑ̄:ŋ.
already make+1pl brewer’s.yeast put.in+1pl
! 'put in the brewer’s yeast we just made.'


ɕɯ̀l bɛ̌ lɑ̄ zɑ̄:ŋ.
cool *LNK* only.then put.in+1pl
! 'only after (the rice) is cool do we put in (the brewer’s yeast).'


lɯ̄m-nə̀m cɑ̀ bɛ̌ nə̌,
warm-weather become *LNK* *TOP*
! 'If the weather becomes warm,'


tɕuɁ glə̄ŋ tɯ̄m lɑ̄ zɑ̄:ŋ.
a.little cool after only.then put.in+1pl
! 'we put the brewer’s yeast in only after it is cool.'


ə̌jɑ̀ xɹə̌məì lɛ̌,
that upper.part.of.fire.area *DAT*
! 'on/towards the upper part of the fire area,'


ɛ̄-wɑ̄ tə̄ŋməì ɕɯp ɔ̀:-ɔ̌ nɯ̌
*DEM*-*ADV* what grass do+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! 'in this way we put grass on top,'


lɯ̄m mə̌nə̄ŋ,
warm follow
! 'after it is warm (has fermented),'


ɟɔ̀ nɯ̄tɕī ə̌tɔɁ mə̌nə̄ŋ gɯɁ bə̄i,
this dregs drip follow say *LNK*
! 'when the dregs drip down,'


wɑ̄ŋlū lɛ̌ ɔ̀:.
wine.container *DAT* do+1pl
! '(then) we put it in the wine container.'


zɯ̄ŋ-nə̀m ə̌sɯ̀m ɟɑɁ tɛ̌
cold-weather three night *ADV*
! 'in the winter only after three nights'


lə̄ŋ wɑ̄ŋlū lɛ̌ zɑ̄:ŋ.
only.then wine.container *DAT* put.in+1pl
! 'will we put it into the wine container.'


nə̄mlɯ̄mnə̀m nə̌m
summertime *TOP*
! '(in the) summertime,'


ə̌ɲī ɟɑɁ cɛ̄ ɟɑɁ tɛ̌ zɑ̄:ŋ.
two night one night *ADV* put.in+1pl
! 'after one or two nights we put it in (the wine container).'


ə̌jɑ̀ wɑ̄ŋlū lɛ̌ zɑ̄:ŋ tɯ̄m,
that wine.container *DAT* put.in+1pl after
! 'After we put it into the wine container,'


cɛ̄ ɕīntɕiɁ tɛ̌ jīgɔ̄jɛ̀,
one week *ADV* one.month
! 'one week, one month,'


tɕə̄m ɔ̀: bɛ̌ jīgɔ̄jɛ̀ ɹɔ̀:.
even.more make *LNK* one.month place/put.in+1pl
! 'if the time is longer we place it for a month.'


cɛ̄ ɕīntɕiɁ tɛ̌ jīgɔ̄jɛ̀ tɛ̌
one week *ADV* one.month *ADV*
! 'in a week or a month,'


cɛ̄nə̄m ŋək ɕǐn.
already drink+1pl *EMPH*
! 'we can drink it.'


ə̌jɑ̀ nɯ̀ ɛ̄-wɑ̄ zū: gɛ̄.
that wine *DEM*-*ADV* make+1pl *NOM*+be
! 'Wine is made (by us) like this.'


ɛ̄-wɑ̄ mɛ̄,
*DEM*-*ADV* *NEG*+be
! 'If it is not (done this way),'


kə̄ɹwɑ̄ lɑ̄ ɔ̀: tɕìɁ
how only.then do+1pl *HS*
! 'how would we make it?'