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Making Brewer’s Yeast

Told by Tsēng Yùlán (dū nɑɁ)


nɯ̀ nə̌ ə̌jɑ̀ ɕɯ̄ŋkɑ̄ nɯ̌,
wine *TOP* that brewer’s.yeast *TOP*
! '(For) wine, (the making of) that brewer’s yeast,'


bɑ̄ndɑ̄ lɑ̄:m-lɑ̄:m nɯ̌,
barnyard.millet dry.in.sun+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! 'we dry the barnyard millet in the sun,'


tə̌tə̄i kə̄m gə̌ ɔ̀:-ɔ̌ nɯ̌.
extremely dry *NOM* do+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! 'we make it very dry.'


ɹɑktɑɁ dɔ̌ kɔ̄:ɹ bə̄i ɕɯ̌,
stone.mortar *LOC* grind+1pl *LNK* also
! 'We use a stone mortar to grind it,'


tə̌tə̄i dʑɯp xɹɛɁ kɔ̄:ɹ ɕɨ̌n.
extremely fine *EXT* grind+1pl *EMPH*
! '(and) grind it until it is very fine.'


tə̌tə̄i dʑɯp xɹɛɁ kɔ̄:ɹ- kɔ̄:ɹ nɯ̌.
extremely fine *EXT* grind+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! 'We grind it until it is very fine.'


ə̌jɑ̀ wɑ̀ pə̌wɑɁ mə̌nə̄ŋ,
that do/make about.to follow
! 'When we are about to make the brewer’s yeast,'


pɹɑ̀ sə̌nɑɁ tsə̄ŋmɑ̄ ɔ̀:.
winnowing.tray all clean do+1pl
! 'we clean the winnowing tray(s).'


nɯ̀ wɑ̄ sɑ̄ ɕɯ̄ŋkɑ̄ zū:,
wine do/make *NOM* brewer’s.yeast make+1pl
! 'We make brewer’s yeast for making wine,'


dzɑ̄i ə̄ŋsɔ̀ŋ ə̌jɑɁ ɛ̄ nɯ̌,
millet grain that be *LNK*
! 'that is millet grain,'


ɹɑktɑɁ dɔ̌ kɔ̄:ɹ tɯ̄m nɯ̌,
stone.mortar *LOC* grind+1pl after *LNK*
! 'after we grind it in a stone mortar,'


nə̀ŋdə̌gə̀m ɕəppə̀ŋ dɔ̌ ə̌glɯ̄:ŋ-glɯ̄:ŋ nɯ̌.
well(adv.) mortar *LOC* pound+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! 'we pound it well in a wooden mortar,'


ə̌glɯ̄:ŋ, ŋɑ̄ŋ tɛ̌ ɔ̀:-ɔ̌ nɯ̌ ə̌glɯ̄:ŋ,
pound+1pl water *INST* do+1pl0*REDUP* *LNK* pound+1pl
! 'we pound it (mixed) with water,'


ə̌glɯ̄:ŋ-glɯ̄:ŋ nɯ̌,
pound+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! '(having) pounded (it),'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɛ̄ nɯ̌ ə̌tsə̀ŋ kə̄i sɑ̄ pə̌lɛɁ wɑ̄ tə̄ŋdūŋ nɑ:ì ɕǐn.
that be *LNK* person eat *NOM* cake *ADV* piece mold+1pl *EMPH*
! 'when that is done, we mold it into chunks the size of the cakes people eat.'


ə̌jɑ̌̀ ɕɯkkɑ̄ pə̄i mə̄i nɯ̌,
that brewer’s.yeast *NS* *CL* *TOP*
! 'That brewer’s yeast,'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɛ̄-lɛ̌ nɯ̌,
that *DEM*-*DAT* *LNK*
! 'that (brewer’s yeast),'


tɕɑ̄ pɑ̄ɹ tsə̌wɑ̄lɔ̄ŋ “tə̌ɕī” lɑ̄:n gɯ̌.
long.ago time Tsawalong(Tibet) Tashi called+1pl *NOM*
! 'long ago we called Tibet “Tashi”.'


tsə̌wɑ̄lɔ̄ŋ ɕɯkkɑ̄,
Tsawalong(Tibet) brewer’s.yeast
! 'Tibetan brewer’s yeast,'


ɛ̄ tɕɯ̄ŋ-tɕɯ̀ŋ ɕɯkkɑ̄,
*DEM* small-*REDUP* brewer’s.yeast
! 'this little bit of brewer’s yeast,'


cɛ̄ tɕuɁ cɛ̄ tɕuɁ ɛɁ-wɑ̄ ɕɯkkɑ̄ lɛ̌ zɑ̄:ŋ,
one a.little one a.little *DEM*-*ADV* brewer’s.yeast *DAT* put.in+1pl
! 'a little bit at a time, (we Dulong) mix in the brewer’s yeast,'


ə̄ŋtsì lɛ̌ cɛ̄ tɕuɁ zɑ̄:ŋ-zɑ̄:ŋ,
flour *DAT* one a.little put.in+1pl-*REDUP*
! 'mix a little into the (brewer’s yeast) flour (before it has been made into a cake),'


ə̄ŋkɑɁ lɛ̌ ɛɁ-wɑ̄ ɛɁ-wɑ̄ kə̌lɔ̄:ŋ.
clunk *DAT* *DEM*-*ADV* *DEM*-*ADV* spread(paste)+1pl
! 'we spread it on the ones made into cakes.'


nɑ:ì tɯ̄m,
mold+1pl after
! 'After we have molded it,'


pə̌lɛɁ wɛɁ wɑ̄ ɔ̀:.
cake piece *ADV* do+1pl
! 'we make it into pieces.'


ə̌jɑ̀ pə̌lɛɁ wɛɁ wɑ̄ ɔ̀: tɯ̄m,
that cake pieces *ADV* do+1pl after
! 'After we make it into cakes,'


kɑ̄tsī bə̄bə̄ ə̌dūŋ dɔ̌m
bran much middle *LOC*
! 'we (put it) in the middle of a lot of bran (chaff).'


ɛɁ-wɑ̄ ŋɔ̀ nɯ̀ wɑ̄ ɹɔ̀:,
*DEM*-*ADV* top wine *ADV* place/put+1pl
! 'like this put it on top, like with wine.'


nɯ̀ wɑ̄ ɹɔ̀:-ɹɔ̀ nɯ̌,
wine *ADV* put/place+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! 'After putting it on like wine,'


siɁ mə̌nə̄ŋ, kɔ̄ lɛ̌ ɟɑ̄ lɛ̌ pɔk.
flavorful(fermented) follow that *DAT* this *DAT* turn.over+1pl
! 'when it has flavor (when it has fermented), turn it over and over.'


siɁ mə̌nə̄ŋ,
flavorful(fermented) follow
! 'When it has flavor (when it has fermented),'


ə̌ɲī ɟɑɁ ə̌ɲī ɟɑɁ tɛ̌ pɔk.
two night two night *ADV* turn.over+1pl
! 'after two nights we turn it over.'


ɹəktɔ̄ŋnə̀m ə̌ɲī ɟɑɁ,
winter two night
! '(Normally) in winter (we turn it) after two nights,'


ə̌zɑ̄ɹnə̀m cɛ̄ ɟɑɁ tɛ̌ pɔk.
hot.weather one night *ADV* turn.over+1pl
! 'In the hot weather we turn it after one night.'


ɛ̌-bɛ̄ mə̌-pɔk bɛ̌ mə́-gə̄m wɑ̄ gɯɁ.
*DEM*-*LNK* *NEG*-turn.over+1pl *LNK* *NEG*-good *COMP* say
! 'They say if we don’t turn it over, the yeast will not be good.'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɛ̄ ɔ̄lɔɁ,
that be again
! 'After that, again,'


ə̌jɑ̀ tɕə̄m kə̄m mə̌nə̄ŋ nɯ̌,
that even.more dry follow *TOP*
! 'when it is more dry,'


nə̀ŋgə̀m tə̄ŋ-mə̄i ɟɯ̄ŋ dɔ̌ ɔ̀:-ɔ̌ nɯ̌,
well(adv.) what-*CL* bag *LOC* do+1pl-*REDUP* *LNK*
! 'we put it into a bag,'


ŋɔ̀ dɔ̌ sə̌zɑ̀:ŋ.
top *LOC* hang+1pl
! '(and) hang it on top (on the top part of the fireplace).'


ə̌jɑ̀ ɕɯ̌ tsə̄ŋmɑ̄ ɔ̀: gɛ̄.
that also lean do+1pl *NOM*+be
! 'That we also have to make clean.'


ə̄ŋtsì mə̌nə̄ŋ ɹɔ̄: gɯ̌ nɯ̌,
bran(flour) *COM* place/put+1pl *NOM* *LNK*
! 'We put (hang) the flour and (the yeast cakes) together,'


cī ɕɨ̄ntɕiɁ wɑ̄ ɹɔ̄:,
one week *ADV* place/put+1pl
! '(we place it) for about one week,'


dzɑ̄i tsì dɔ̌ ɹɔ̄:.
millet flour(bran) *LOC* put/place+1pl
! 'we put it in the millet bran/chaff.'


ə̌jɑ̀ cɑ̀ mə̌nə̄ŋ nɯ̌,
that become follow *TOP*
! '(One week later) when it is done,'


“tə̌xɹɔ̀:ŋ” gɯ̌ lɑ̄:n.
(name) *NOM* call+1pl
! 'we call it “tə̌xɹɔ̀:ŋ”.'


ɟɯ̄ŋ dɔ̌ ɹɔ̀:.
bag *LOC* put/place+1pl
! '(Again) we put it in a bag.'


ɛ̄-bɛ̌, ə̌jɑ̀ ɕɯkkɑ̄,
*DEM*-*LNK* that brewer’s.yeast
! 'After that, that brewer’s yeast,'


tɕə̄m cɑ̀ mə̌nə̄ŋ ə̌jɑ̀,
even.more become follow that
! 'after another stretch of time,'


ə̌jɑ̀ pɯp dʑǐn ɔ̀: ɕǐn, nɯ̀.
that sprinkle *LNK* do+1pl *EMPH* wine
! 'we sprinkle (the brewer’s yeast) (into grain) to make it, wine.'